In , Sir Thomas Gray, a Northumbrian knight and constable of Norham castle , was ambushed and captured by the Scots. Imprisoned in Edinburgh castle. 13 Sep Abstract. Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica is almost unique amongst medieval English chronicles in having been written by a knight, and it is. Thomas Gray in the ‘ Scalacronica,’ and now trans lated by the Right Hon. Sir Herbert Maxwell, Bart., continued. THE King being eager for arms and glory, and .

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The enemy mounted their horses and formed for action, thinking that they [the English] could not escape from them.

The chevalier, Thomas Gray, after being beaten down, seized the house outside the gate, and held it in hope of rescue until the house scalwcronica to burn over his head, when he, with others, was taken prisoner. Email alerts New issue alert.

Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica: a medieval chronicle and its historical and literary context

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Another time there happened a disaster on the marches at Berwick, by treachery of the false traitors of the marches, where was slain Robert de Neville; which Robert shortly before had slain Richard fitz Marmaduke, cousin of Robert de Bruce, on the old bridge of Durham, because of a quarrel between them [arising] scalacrohica of jealousy which should be reckoned the greater lord.

John [Perth] for the use of Robert de Bruce from William Oliphant, captain [thereof] for the King of England, being at that time wcalacronica adherent of his [Edward’s], although shortly after he deserted him, the said Robert marched in force before the castle of Stirling, where Philip de Moubray, knight, having command of the said castle for the King of England, made terms with the said Robert de Bruce to surrender the said castle, which he had besieged, scalacronjca he [de Moubray] should be relieved: So that scarcely could they [the Scots] find anything to do upon these Marches, except at Norham, where a [certain] knight, Thomas de Gray, was in garrison with his kinsfolk.

When Poitiers was fought, Thomas Gray was in his Scottish prison. Durham e-Theses Home Questions? Then, turning rein, came back in the same manner and.

King Edward marched forward and kept the feast of Christmas [] at Linlithgow, then rode throughout the land of Scotland, and marched to Dunfermline, where John Comyn perceiving that he could not withstand the might of the King of England, rendered himself to the King’s mercy, on condition that he and all his adherents should regain all their rightful possessions, and they became again his [Edward’s] lieges; whereupon new instruments were publicly executed.

The curious title of Sir Thomas’s work has an heraldic significance.

The said men of the sortie defended themselves briskly, keeping themselves within the old walls. Deposit Guide Policies About. The Scots in the wood thought they had done well enough for the day, and were on the point of decamping in order to march during the night into the Lennox, a stronger country, when Sir Alexander de Seton; scaacronica was in the service of England and had come thither with the King, secretly left the English army, went to Scalacroniac de Bruce in the wood, and said to him: This Gilbert, with adherence of others upon the Marches, rode upon a foray into Cleveland, and committed other great destruction, having the assistance of nearly all Northumberland, except the castles of Bamborough, Alnwick, and Norham, of which sclacronica two first named were treating with the enemy, the one by means of hostages, the other by collusion, when the said Scalacrknica was taken through treachery of his own people in the castle of Mitford by William de Felton, Thomas de Heton, and Robert de Horncliff, and was hanged and drawn in London.

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Scalavronica remained there two years and a half, performing there feats of arms, inflicting great destruction both upon provender and in other ways, and conquering much territory, which would form a scalavronica romance were it all recounted. The English squadrons being thrown into confusion by the thrust of pikes upon the horses, began to flee. Sign in via your Institution Sign in. He had caused the town of Dundee to be fortified, and had behaved himself more rudely there than was agreeable to the gentlemen of the country, so that he had to return to the King because of the opposition of the barons.

Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, traveling to the court of Rome, was captured by a Burgundian, John de la Moiller, taken into the empire and ransomed for 20, silver livres, because the said John declared that he had done the King of England service, and that the King was owing him his pay. He became Scalacfonica of Menteith by consent of his niece, daughter of his elder brother, who, after his scalaccronica at another time, became countess. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in.

The story of Crecy, unfortunately, came into a part of the manuscript which has perished. On another occasion the said James defeated the garrison of Berwick at Scaithmoor, where a number of Gascons were slain.

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The Scalacronica of Sir Thomas Gray

The others who escaped were pursued to the nunnery of Berwick. This is a period of sixty-odd years, for it includes the life of his father, also a Sir Thomas. It means ” Ladder-chronicle,” and probably alludes to the ladder which formed the Gray crest. This conspiracy was discovered by Murdach of Menteith, who himself became earl afterwards. In the allegorical prologue to the ScalacronicaGrey relates a dream in which Thomas of Otterbourne holds a five-runged ladder, the symbolism of which is explained by a sibyl.

The enemy, perceiving him coming in good order, left the skirmishers among the old walls and drew out into the open fields. Mac- Lehose and Sons.

Indeed it was so that, after the town of Berwick was taken out of the hands of the English, the Scots had got so completely the upper hand and were so insolent that they held the English to be of almost no account, who [the English] concerned themselves no more with the war, but allowed it to cease.

He had lived long in England in loyalty to the King, and, returned home in order to discover this conspiracy. The constable, Roger de Horsley, lost there an eye by an arrow.

During the dispute between the King and the said earl, Robert de Brits, who had already risen during the life of the King’s father, renewed his strength in Scotland, claiming authority over the realm of Scotland, and subdued many of the lands in Scotland which were before subdued by and in submission to the King of England; and [this was] chiefly the result of bad government by the King’s officials, who administered them [the lands] too harshly in their private interests.


As the Scottish knights, who were on foot, laid hold of the housing of the King’s charger in order to stop him, he struck out so vigorously behind him with a mace that there was none whom he touched that he did not fell to the ground.

The aforesaid Scots came in line of schiltroms, and attacked the English column, which were jammed together and could not operate against them [the Scots], so direfully were their horses impaled on the pikes.

The younger Gray has a good deal to tell us about the unhappy reign of Edward II. Another time, Adam de Gordon, a baron of Scotland, having mustered more than eight score men-at-arms, came before the said castle of Norham, thinking to raid the cattle, which were grazing outside the said castle.

Abstract Sir Thomas Gray’s Scalacronica is almost unique amongst medieval English chronicles in having been written by a knight, and it is therefore surprising that so little work has been done on it; this thesis attempts to remedy that omission. Home Research Durham e-Theses.

Scalacronica – Wikipedia

Another time, on a market day, the town being full of people from the neighbourhood, Alexander Frisel, who was an adherent of Robert de Bruce, was ambushed with a hundred men-at-arms about half a league from the said castle, having sent others of his people to rifle a hamlet on the other side of the castle. Hugh de Audley, with sixty men-at-arms, finding difficulty in encamping beside the King, went [forward] to Melrose and took up quarters in the abbey.

This page was last edited on 29 Juneat When he came near them struck spurs into his horse; of those who advanced against him, he struck dawn some with his spear, others with the shock of his horse, and, passing through them all, dismounted at the gate, drove his horse in, and slipped inside the barrier, where he found his people assembled.

The first four rungs represent the four historians, Walter of OxfordBedeRanulf Higden and John of Tynemouthwhose work is to be the inspiration for the first four parts of the book, while the fifth rung represents the future.

Patrick, Earl of March, received him honourably, and put his castle at his disposal, and even evacuated the place, removing all his people, so that there might be neither doubt nor suspicion that he would do nothing short of his devoir to his lord, for at that time he [Dunbar] was his liegeman.

Gilbert de Middleton in the bishopric of Durham, plundered two Cardinals who came to consecrate the Bishop, and seized Louis de Beaumont, Bishop of Durham, and his brother Henry de Beaumont, because the King had caused his [Gilbert’s] cousin Adam de Swinburne to be arrested, because he had spoken too frankly to him about the condition of the Marches.

The elder Gray was wounded in a fight between William of Wallace and William de Heselrig, Sheriff of Clydesdale, and had a narrow escape of his life. The Scalacronica starts with a well known literary dream sequence in which Gray names some of his written sources.

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